Organizational Machiavellianism Scale

Kessler, S.R., Bandelli, A.C., Spector, P.E., Borman, W.C., Nelson, C.E., & Penney, L.M. (in press). Reexamining Machiavelli: A three dimensional model of Machiavellianism in the workplace. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Took excerpts from Machiavelli’s The Prince to create a scale of Machiavellianism in an Organization

DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00643.x

Tags: Organizational Machiavellianism Scale, Personality, Survey


Chaplin, W. F., Phillips, J. B., Brown, J. D., Clanton, N. R., & Stein, J. L. (2000). Handshaking, gender, personality and first impressions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 110–117. 5 item scale to assess handshake characteristics.

Used in Stewart, Greg L.; Dustin, Susan L.; Barrick, Murray R.; Darnold, Todd C. (2008). Exploring the handshake in employment interviews. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93:5, 1139 – 1146. Found high intercorrelation between handshake characteristics so they also created an overall score based on the average of the five items.

DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.79.1.110

Tags: Handshake, Survey

Psychological Collectivism

Jackson, C. L., Colquitt, J. A., Wesson, M. J, & Zapata-Phelan, C. P. (2006). Psychological Collectivism: A measurement validation and linkage to group member performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 884-899. 5 item

This is an individual-difference form of Collectivism or idiocentrism/allocentrism.

DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.91.4.884

Tags: Psychological Collectivism, Survey, Personality

Person-Organization Fit

Bretz, R. B., & Judge, T. A. (1994). Person-organization fit and the theory of work adjustment: Implications for satisfaction, tenure, and career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 44, 32-54. 3 items.

DOI: 10.1006/jvbe.1994.1003

Tags: Person-Organization Fit, Person-Organization Fit Scale, Personality, Survey, Theory of Work Adjustment

Cable, D. M., & Judge, T. A. (1996). Person-organization fit, job choice decisions, and organizational entry. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 67, 294-311. Followed job seekers through interview process then 6 months later. 15 items.

DOI: 10.1006/obhd.1996.0081

Tags: Organizational Culture Profile, Person-Organization fit, Personality, Survey


DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.1996.tb01790.x

Tags: Person-Organization Fit, Personality


Kirton, M. (1976). Adaptors and Innovators: A description and measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 61(5): 622-629. Associative-Bisociative (measures preference for single-minded, mono-thinking, or for double-minded, cross-disciplined thinking). 32 item (5 point scale of ease of task) survey to test Kirton Adaptation-Innovation Inventory.
DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.61.5.622
Tags: KAI, Creativity, Survey
Jabri, M. M. 1991. The Development of Conceptually Independent Subscales in the Measurement of Modes of Problem Solving. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51(4): 975-983 19 items (10 for associative dimensions. 9 for bisociative dimensions)
DOI: 10.1177/001316449105100417
Tags: Creativity, Survey, Problem Solving
Cognitive style
Miron, E., Erez, M., & Naveh, E. 2004. Do personal characteristics and cultural values that promote innovation, quality, and efficiency compete or complement each other? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25: 175–199 Survey to test
DOI: 10.1002/job.237
Tags: Creativity, Cognitive Style, Survey
Divergent thinking. (alternative method for assessing and scoring divergent thinking tasks)
Silvia, P. J., Winterstein, B. P., Willse, J. T., Barona, C. M., Cram, J. T., Hess, K. I., Martinez, J. L., & Richard, C. A. In press, 2007. Assessing Creativity with Divergent Thinking Tasks: Exploring the Reliability and Validity of New Subjective Scoring Methods. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, In Press. Subjects were asked to come up with creative ideas that were then scored by the researchers.
DOI: 10.1037/1931-3896.2.2.68
Tags: Creativity, Divergent Thinking

Climate for Innovation
Patterson, M. G., West, M. A., Shackleton, V. J., Dawson, J. F., Lawthom, R., Maitlis, S., Robinson, D. L., & Wallace, A. M. 2005. Validating the organizational climate measure: links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4): 379-408. 95 items 17 Dimensions.
DOI: 10.1002/job.312
Tags: Climate for Innovation, Innovation, Survey, Creativity
Anderson, N. R. & West, M. A. 1998. Measuring climate for work group innovation: development and validation of the team climate inventory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19(3): 235-258. 61 items. 5 dimensions
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199805)19:3<235::AID-JOB837>3.0.CO;2-C
Tags: Team Climate Inventory, Climate for Innovation, Survey, Creativity

Innovativeness (outcome measures)
West, M. A. & Anderson, N. R. 1996. Innovation in Top Management Teams. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6): 680-693. 8 dimensions of Innovation. Cronbach’s alpha = .92
DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.81.6.680
Tags: Innovation, Team Outcomes, Creativity, Survey
George, J. M. & Zhou, J. 2001. When openness to experience and conscientiousness are related to creative behavior: An interactional approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3): 513-524. 13 items
DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.513
Tags: Big-Five, Innovation, Survey, Creativity

Types of Innovation
Burpitt, W. J. & Bigoness, W. J. 1997. Leadership and Innovation among Teams: The Impact of Empowerment. Small Group Research, 28(3): 414 – 423. 4 items
doi: 10.1177/1046496497283005
Tags:leader empowering, team innovation


Task and relationship conflict

Jehn, K. A. (1995). A multimethod examination of the benefits and detriments of intragroup conflict. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40, 256-282. This is a widely used scale featuring four items for task conflict and four items for relationship conflict. 42 item survey used.
DOI: 10.2307/2393638
Tags: Task Conflict, Relationship Conflict, Conflict, Survey
Qualitative approaches
Behfar, K. J., Peterson, R. S., Mannix, E. A., & Trochim, W. M. K. (2008). The critical role of conflict resolution in teams: A close look at the links between conflict type, conflict management strategies, and team outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 170-188.
Ask team members to describe conflicts (if any) since their last assignments, and also how did the group manage these conflicts.
DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.93.1.170
Tags: Conflict, Qualitative, Survey

Organizational Identification

Edwards, M. R. and Peccei, R. (2007) “Organizational identification: Development and testing of a conceptually grounded measure”, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16(1), 25-57.

DOI: 10.1080/13594320601088195
Mael, F.A. & Tetrick, L.E. (1992). Identifying organizational identification. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 52, 813-824. 10 item scale.
DOI: 10.1177/0013164492052004002
Tags: IDPG, Organizational Identification, Survey, OID
Shamir, B. & Kark, R. (2004). A single item graphic scale for the measurement of organizational identification. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 77, 115-123. Used both graphic scale and agreement scale to measure OID.

DOI: 10.1348/096317904322915946

Tags: Organizational Identification, OID