Job Autonomy

Construct: Job Autonomy

Source 1: Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1980). Work redesign. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley. Four items to determine participants work authority.

Used in Ng, Kok-Yee; Ang, Soon; Chan, Kim-Yin. 2008. Personality and Leader Effectiveness. A Moderated Mediation Model of Leadership Self Efficacy, Job Demands and Job Autonomy. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(4):733-743; Cronbach’s alpha reliability=.90.

Source2: Spector, P. E., & Fox, S. (2003). Reducing subjectivity in the assessment of the job environment: Development of the factual autonomy scale, FAS. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 417-432.

DOI: 10.1002/job.199


Gender Attitudes

Construct: Gender Attitudes

Source: Glick, P., & Fiske, S. T. (1996). The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 491–512. 11 items to determine a measure of “Hostile and Benevolent Sexism”

DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.70.3.491

Used as a control in Umphress, Elizabeth E.; Simmons, Aneika L.; Boswell, Wendy R.; Triana, María del Carmen. 2008. Managing Discrimination in Selection: The Influence of Directives from an Authority and Social Dominance Orientation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(5):982-993.

Control for hostile sexism: Cronbach’s alpha=.89

Control for benevolent sexism: Cronbach’s alpha=.82



Construct: Innovativeness (outcome measures)
Source 1:
West, M. A. & Anderson, N. R. 1996. Innovation in Top Management Teams. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6): 680-693. 8 dimensions of Innovation. Cronbach’s alpha = .92
DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.81.6.680

Source 2: George, J. M. & Zhou, J. 2001. When openness to experience and conscientiousness are related to creative behavior: An interactional approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3): 513-524. 13 items
DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.513

Climate for Innovation

Construct: Climate for Innovation
Source 1: Patterson, M. G., West, M. A., Shackleton, V. J., Dawson, J. F., Lawthom, R., Maitlis, S., Robinson, D. L., & Wallace, A. M. 2005. Validating the organizational climate measure: links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4): 379-408. 95 items 17 Dimensions.
DOI: 10.1002/job.312
Source 2: Anderson, N. R. & West, M. A. 1998. Measuring climate for work group innovation: development and validation of the team climate inventory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19(3): 235-258. 61 items. 5 dimensions
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199805)19:3<235::AID-JOB837>3.0.CO;2-C

Divergent Thinking

Construct: Divergent Thinking
Source: Silvia, P. J., Winterstein, B. P., Willse, J. T., Barona, C. M., Cram, J. T., Hess, K. I., Martinez, J. L., & Richard, C. A. In press, 2007. Assessing Creativity with Divergent Thinking Tasks: Exploring the Reliability and Validity of New Subjective Scoring Methods. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, In Press. Subjects were asked to come up with creative ideas that were then scored by the researchers.
DOI: 10.1037/1931-3896.2.2.68