Positive and Negative Affectivity (PANAS)

Construct: Positive and Negative Affectivity

Source: Watson, D., Clark. L. A., & Tellegen,A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070. 20 items to measure both positive and negative affect.

Used in: Erez, Amir; Misangyi, Vilmos F.; Johnson, Diane E.; LePine, Marcie A.; Halverson, Kent C. 2008. Stirring the hearts of followers: Charismatic leadership as the transferal of affect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3):602-616. Cronbach’s alphas= positive (.85), negative (.75). Measured affect both pre and post task and found no correlation between either pre (.02) or post (-.02) task positive and negative affect

Abbreviated Version: An abbreviated version of the PANAS, created specifically for experience-sampling studies (i.e., ecological momentary assessments), is used in Study 2 of: Dalal, R. S., Lam, H., Weiss, H. M., Welch, E., & Hulin, C. L. (2009). A within-person approach to work behavior and performance: Concurrent and lagged citizenship-counterproductivity associations, and dynamic relationships with affect and overall job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 1051-1066.