Measure: Power Distance

Construct: Power distance between manager and employee

Source: Farh, J. L., Hackett, R. D., & Liang, J. (2007). Individual-level cultural values as moderators of perceived organizational support–employee outcome relationships in China: Comparing the effects of power distance and traditionality. Academy of Management Journal, 50(3), 715-729.

Note: 6 items

DOI: 10.5465/amj.2007.25530866

Source: Williams, M. L., Podsakoff, P. M., Todor, W. D., Huber, V. L., Howell, J. P., & Dorfman, P. W. (1988). A preliminary analysis of the construct validity of Kerr & Jermier’s ‘Substitutes for Leadership’Scales. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 61(4), 307-333.

DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1988.tb00469.x