Category Archives: Measures

Affective Well-being

Source: Van Katwyk, P. T., Fox, S., Spector, P. E., & Kelloway, E. K. (2000). Using the Job-Related Affective Well-Being Scale (JAWS) to investigate affective responses to work stressors. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 219–230. 5 item scale to gauge teams’ negative affective tone.

Used in: Cole, Michael S.; Walter, Frank; Bruch, Heike. 2008. Affective Mechanisms Linking Dysfunctional Behavior to Performance in Work Teams: A Moderated Mediation Study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(5):945-958. Cronbach’s alpha=.87

DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.5.2.219

 

Psychological Well-Being

Construct: psychological well-being

Source: Bradburn, N. M. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago, IL: Aldine.

Note: 19 items to measure of happiness levels over a more recent time-span (4-5 weeks). Rates both positive and negative affect.

Used in: Erez, Amir; Misangyi, Vilmos F.; Johnson, Diane E.; LePine, Marcie A.; Halverson, Kent C. 2008. Stirring the hearts of followers: Charismatic leadership as the transferal of affect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3):602-616. Cronbach’s alphas= positive (.91), negative (.81).

Identifier: http://www.norc.org/PDFs/publications/BradburnN_Struc_Psych_Well_Being.pdf

Positive and Negative Affectivity

Construct: Positive and Negative Affectivity

Source: Scollon, C., Diener, E., Oishi, S., Biswas-Diener, R. (2005). An experience sampling and cross-cultural investigation of the relation between pleasant and unpleasant affect, Cognition & Emotion, 19, 27-52.

Description: A brief, 8 item scale with good repeated measures properties; uses common language terms and has been cross-culturally validated. Builds on several previous scales from Diener’s research program.

Identifier: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699930441000076

Positive and Negative Affectivity (PANAS)

Construct: Positive and Negative Affectivity

Source: Watson, D., Clark. L. A., & Tellegen,A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070. 20 items to measure both positive and negative affect.

Used in: Erez, Amir; Misangyi, Vilmos F.; Johnson, Diane E.; LePine, Marcie A.; Halverson, Kent C. 2008. Stirring the hearts of followers: Charismatic leadership as the transferal of affect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3):602-616. Cronbach’s alphas= positive (.85), negative (.75). Measured affect both pre and post task and found no correlation between either pre (.02) or post (-.02) task positive and negative affect

Abbreviated Version: An abbreviated version of the PANAS, created specifically for experience-sampling studies (i.e., ecological momentary assessments), is used in Study 2 of: Dalal, R. S., Lam, H., Weiss, H. M., Welch, E., & Hulin, C. L. (2009). A within-person approach to work behavior and performance: Concurrent and lagged citizenship-counterproductivity associations, and dynamic relationships with affect and overall job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 1051-1066.

 

Measure: Emotional labor

Construct: Emotional labor

Sources: Brotheridge, C. M., & Lee, R. T. (2003). Development and validation of the emotional labour scale. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 76, 365- 379. 

Brotheridge, C. M. & Lee, R. T. (2002). Testing a conservation of resources model of the dynamics of emotional labor. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7, 57-67.