Gambling attitudes, motives, and behavior

Construct: gambling cognition, gambling behavior, gambling motive, motivation, gambling attitude, fate and luck, negative consequence, technique, superstition, impaired control

Reference: Wu, A. M. S., Tao, V. Y. K., Tong, Kwok-kit, & Cheung, S. F. (2012). Psychometric evaluation of inventory of Gambling Motives, Attitudes and Behaviors (GMAB) among Chinese gamblers. International Gambling Studies, 12, 331–347


Additional notes: URL links to original survey and description in both Chinese and English

Job Engagement

Construct: Engagement; three dimensional model including physical, emotional, and cognitive engagement. Validation including CFA and discriminant/convergent analyses, as well as incremental validity in predicting task performance and citizenship behavior relative to other scales.

Reference:  Rich, B. L., Lepine, J. A., & Crawford, E. R. (2010). Job engagement: Antecedents and effects on job performance. Academy of management journal,53(3), 617-635.


Intrateam Trust

Construct: Intrateam trust (team level of analysis)

Reference: De Jong, B. A., & Elfring, T. (2010). How Does Trust Affect the Performance of Ongoing Teams? The Mediating Role of Reflexivity, Monitoring and Effort. Academy of Management Journal, 53(3), 535–549.


Reference: Langfred, C. W. (2004). Too much of a good thing? Negative effects of high trust and individual autonomy in self-managing teams. Academy of Management Journal, 47(3), 385-399.


Work rumination

Construct: Work rumination

Reference: Frone, M. R. (2015). Relations of Negative and Positive Work Experiences to Employee Alcohol Use: Testing the Intervening Role of Negative and Positive Work Rumination. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 148-160.

Provides an 8-item self-report Negative and Positive Work Rumination Scale (NAPWRS) with descriptions of positive and negative rumination behaviors.

Link to article:

Work fatigue

Construct: Three Dimensional Work Fatigue Inventory

Reference: Frone, M. R., & Tidwell, M., -C., O. (2015). The Meaning and Measurement of Work Fatigue: Development and Evaluation of the Three-Dimensional Work Fatigue Inventory (3D-WFI). Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 273-288. 

Provides distinct measures of physical, mental, and emotional work fatigue. Article provides psychometric evidence and shows relationships with other variables in the nomological network.

Link to article: