Work withdrawal

Construct: Work withdrawal Source 1: Hanisch, K. A., & Hulin, C. L. (1990). Job attitudes and organizational withdrawal: An examination of retirement and other voluntary withdrawal behaviors. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 37, 60–78. DOI:10.1016/0001-8791(90)90007-O Source 2: Roznowski, M., & Hanisch, K. A. (1990). Building systematic heterogeneity into work attitudes and behavior measures. Journal of Vocational […]

Read More →
Job Search

Construct: Job search Source: Blau, G. (1993). Further exploring the relationship between job search and voluntary individual turnover. Personnel Psychology, 46, 313–330.   DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.1993.tb00876.x

Read More →
Turnover Intention

Construct: Turnover Intention Source 1: Cook, T. D., Hepworth, S. J., Wall, T. D., & Warr, P. B. (1981). The experience of work: A compendium and review of 249 measures and their use. New York: Academic. The three item measure of turnover intention has been used very frequently. Source 2: Seashore, S. E., Lawler, E. E., […]

Read More →
Perceived alternatives

Construct: Perceived alternatives Source: Price, J. L., & Mueller, C. W. (1981). A causal model of turnover for nurses. Academy of Management Journal, 24, 543-565. This contains a widely used scale of perceived alternatives. More information on the measurement of perceived employment alternatives can be found in  Steel, R. P., & Griffeth, R. W. (1989). […]

Read More →
Job Embeddedness

Construct: Job embeddedness Source:  Mitchell, T.R., Holtom, B.C., Lee, T.W., Sablynski, C.J. & Erez, M. (2001). Why people stay: Using job embeddedness to predict voluntary turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 1102-1121. Scales describing fit with one’s community, organization, community, and organization were developed. DOI: 10.2307/3069391

Read More →